assault as a hate crime against LGBT individuals, as well as a foundation for understanding hate crimes and their .. Wisconsin. Hate Crime laws . Responding to Hate Crimes: A Police Officer's Guide to. Investigation and Prevention.
Keywords: hate crimes, same-sex rights, marriage equality, externalities .. crime -related fears (Dunbar ; GLSEN ; Herek et al ).
Some state laws require collection of data on anti-LGBT hate crimes. Existing hate crime law does not cover sexual orientation or gender identity (15 states.
The history of violence against LGBT people in the United States is made up of assaults on gay men, lesbians, bisexual, and transgender individuals (LGBT), legal responses to such violence, and hate crime statistics in the .. July 1, – Gay couple Gary Matson and Winfield Mowder were murdered by white supremacist.